Title: Policy Statement—Early Childhood Caries in Indigenous Communities
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Volume: Pediatrics
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The oral health of Indigenous children of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis) and the United States (American Indian, Alaska Native) is a major child health issue: there is a high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and resulting adverse health effects in this community, as well as high rates and costs of restorative and surgical treatments under general anesthesia. ECC is an infectious disease that is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic determinants, and requires a combination of approaches for improvement. This statement includes recommendations for preventive oral health and clinical care for young infants and pregnant women by primary health care providers, community-based health-promotion initiatives, oral health workforce and access issues, and advocacy for community water fluoridation and fluoride-varnish program access. Further communitybased research on the epidemiology, prevention, management, and microbiology of ECC in Indigenous communities would be beneficial.

Reference (Biomedical Style):
American Academy of Pediatrics, Canadian Pediatric Society, Committee on Native American Child Health, First Nations Inuit and Métis Health Committee. Policy Statement—Early Childhood Caries in Indigenous Communities. 2011.