|Title:||Prevalence of caries in urban Australian aborigines aged 1-3.5 years|
|Author(s):||Amaratunge A, Seow WK, Sim R||Year:||1999|
|Journal:||Pediatr Dent 21: 91-96|
|Tags:||Aboriginal Australians, Aged, Australia, Chi-Square Distribution, Children, Colony Count, Comparative Study, Dental Caries, Dental Plaque, Dental Plaque Index, Dentistry, Dmf Index, Epidemiology, Etiology, Feeding Behavior, Female, Health, Infant, Isolation & Purification, Male, Methods, Microbial, Microbiology, Milk, Oceanic Ancestry Group, Pediatric Dentistry, Preschool, Prevalence, Queensland, Risk, Saliva, Statistics, Streptococcus, Urban Population|
PURPOSE: This study investigated the prevalence and etiological factors associated with caries in a group of young Australian aboriginal children from 1 to 3.5 years of age. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven healthy infants, aged from 1 to 3.5 years, attending a community health center in Brisbane, a nonfluoridated state capital city, were randomly selected for the study. RESULTS: The caries prevalence was 39% by subjects and 32% by the total number of teeth present. The mean number of decayed, filled teeth (dtf) was 2.5 +/- 0.4, which is more than twice the figure for 3-year-old children in Australia. Furthermore, the filled (f) component represented only 1% of the total dft, suggesting very low treatment levels. Increased caries experience of the infants was strongly associated with high dental plaque scores, high levels of Streptococcus mutans infection, and sleep-time consumption of milk containing added sugar. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that urban Australian aboriginal infants are at high risk for caries, and that preventive strategies are urgently required.
|Reference (Biomedical Style):|
|Amaratunge A, Seow WK, Sim R. Prevalence of caries in urban Australian aborigines aged 1-3.5 years. Pediatr Dent . 1999;21:91-96.|