|Title:||Brighter Smiles: Service learning, inter-professional collaboration and health promotion in a First Nations community.|
|Author(s):||Benton DH, Duffy DJ, Harrison RL, MacNab AJ||Year:||2006|
|Journal:||Brighter Smiles: Service learning, inter-professional collaboration and health promotion in a First Nations community. 97(3): 237-40|
OBJECTIVE: The goal of Brighter Smiles was to improve children’s dental health in a remote First Nations community in British Columbia in the context of a service-learning experience for pediatrics residents. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The provincial Ministry of Health had competitive funds available for collaborations between remote communities and medical educators. Hartley Bay (Gitga’at), a tribe of the Tsimshian Nation, responded by declaring children’s dental health to be a primary health concern. This northern community has an on-reserve population fluctuating around 200 people and is accessible only by air or water. INTERVENTION: A convenience sample of children had a baseline dental exam; parents also completed a questionnaire about dental health behaviors. Only 31% (4/13) of pre-kindergarten and 8% (2/26) of kindergarten to Grade 12 children had no dental caries. Planning of the Brighter Smiles intervention involved community leaders, teachers, parents, Elders, health care staff, pediatrics residents, and dental and medical faculty from the University of British Columbia (UBC). Brighter Smiles includes school-based brush-ins, fluoride programs, classroom presentations, and regular visits by UBC pediatrics residents to Hartley Bay to provide well-child care that includes age-appropriate dental counseling to parents at the clinic visits. OUTCOMES: An early success indicator was a significantly increased proportion of dental service provider’s time scheduled for preventive maintenance services rather than dental rehabilitation (restorations and extractions). CONCLUSIONS: The goal of providing a service-learning experience for trainee pediatricians in a remote community has been achieved. In addition, early indicators demonstrate improvements in child oral health.
|Reference (Biomedical Style):|
|Benton DH, Duffy DJ, Harrison RL, MacNab AJ. Brighter Smiles: Service learning, inter-professional collaboration and health promotion in a First Nations community.. Brighter Smiles: Service learning, inter-professional collaboration and health promotion in a First Nations community.. 2006;97(3):237-40.|